Keep things simple
Easy to understand code helps you work quicker since you can follow a natural flow and transition easily from one code block to another. Further, having an easy to comprehend code is helpful when you are testing your code. Since the testing and debugging phase in any program development project consumes the most amount of time, it will serve you well if you can make the process easier.
The best way to create readable code is to use comments. Also, try and maintain a natural flow that is easy to follow.
Reinforce your security using the API
For better protection from hacking and malware, it is better to have a comprehensive API layer since you have more power to implement security measures in this layer than anywhere else in the code. The API layer scrutinizes any data that passes through it and blocks suspicious activity.
Load elements in order
Having items load in order helps your site to load faster. The elements enclosed inside the <head> tag should be loaded first and followed with the subsequent loading of the others logically. Having your site load all at once takes time, and it might cause your visitors to feel frustrated and leave the site.
Minify code for faster loading
Since the machines do not require line breaks and comments, make sure you eliminate such elements before you launch your final copy.
Define classes and functions before starting
Also, remember to name your functions and variables clearly so that you can easily distinguish between them.
Use optimization toolkits
Optimizing code helps to differentiate between amateur and professional work. Luckily, some optimization kits are readily available to help you perform actions such as minification and remove dead code.
Some of the optimization toolkits available include:
Microsoft AJAX Minifier and
Google Closure Compiler
It will help you to keep your focus on your development process and result in code that is easier to use and understand. To help you maintain consistency, choose a style of coding and documentation plan that you wish to follow throughout the project before you start coding. Also, ensure that you regularly debug your code and check for errors as you code.
Use Strict Mode to fix errors
Strict Mode helps you to identify errors in your code quickly and also enables you to build secure code. One declares the Strict Mode by adding the literal expression “use strict”; at the start of a script.
However, ensure that you adhere to proper syntax coding before using Strict Mode since it will cause an error for bad syntax coding that would otherwise be acceptable, such as using a variable or object while you have not declared it.
Exclude unused library components
It is common for people to use popular libraries such as jQuery UI as they come. These contain numerous components, most of which your code might not use. Therefore, to achieve faster load times, it is better to create your custom libraries that include only the components that you need.
The jQuery UI website allows you to create custom packages of the library.