10 Tips – Learn How to Style the web in CSS

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10 Tips – Learn How to Style the web in CSS     

The web would still exist without CSS. However, accessibility would almost impossible. Besides that, it would look terrible. Web designers want to provide a great design that looks great in all browsers. Some people still use old browsers, making CSS work across browsers tricky. In this article, we will talk about the important things you should keep in mind when using CSS to build sites that look good across browsers.

Use CSS Reset

Web browsers behave in different ways when reading basic HTML elements. When you include the CSS reset in the style sheet, it will eliminate many potential cross-browser issues with styling. You can create your reset CSS or use the well-known [reset.css], which can be accessed online.

Check for Syntax Errors

When you are debugging CSS, your first thing to check should be the syntax. No matter how much experience you have, you will still make a mistake and typos. In most scenarios, you only have to switch back to a text editor, check what you wrote, and fix the issue. However, on a large project, you may need to use a validation tool. These tools reveal places where you need to check the code. Sometimes these validators do not work well since they are not designed to do detailed debugging. In this case, you will need to a linting tool. It analyzes the code and assists you to find errors.

Check the Display Types

All elements on a web have a unique display type like the block, inline-block, flex, table, and much more. CSS works well when you build it with the W3C standards. However, with numerous combinations, it is hard to know how each browser handles different elements. If you get an opportunity to match the display types of sibling elements, try it to see if it fixes any problems that you are facing.

Make Use of Vendor Prefixes and Fallbacks

If you use CSS3 features such as border radius or gradients, you will need to enable your styles to handle fallbacks. It applies in particular when the browser does not support a CSS property. When you make use of vendor prefixes, it will allow older browsers to understand fallbacks and skip the code that it not able to use. New browsers will just implement it on its platforms.

Target IE Browsers

Internet Explorer has been the cause of numerous issues in the past. If you are experiencing problems with IE8 or below, you should consider using IE conditional comments. They offer you a mechanism, which targets versions of IE or as a group. These conditional comments comprise of HTML markup wrapped in conditional statements. It the statements returns true, the enclosed HTML will be displayed within the HTML file.

Ensure You Clear Floats

Clearing floats is a widely used protocol in the world of web development. By clearing floats, you will be able to fix float issues on all web browsers. You can use the [clear] property or the overflow] property.

Use Shorthand CSS

One of the many possibilities of using CSS is that it comes with shorthand properties. The shorthand allows you to specify several properties using only one. If you have just begun to learn CSS and use it on you Web pages, you will start to see the benefits of using shorthand. The shorthand makes it easy for you to apply a style to the markup and makes it more concise.

Take advantage of Cross-Browser Plugins

Besides using tricks to ensure that you will have similar page layout across different browsers, you can use plugins to help browsers detect CSS3 features. One good example of these plugins is Modernizer. It is a feature detection library based on JavaScript, which allows the browser to the HTML5 and CSS3 features that it supports. It allows developers to come up with fallbacks for unsupported browsers.

Separate the Code into Blocks

It may seem obvious to some, but some people use CSS without breaking it down into sections. It should be done at all times since it makes working with the code years or months later quite easy. It will make it easy to find classes and elements that you may need to edit or change.

Instead of DIY, Use a Library

The CSS community is huge, and there is always a release of new libraries. They are suitable for all kind of work from full-blown frameworks for building an app to tiny snippets for simple tasks. Besides that, most of these libraries are open-source. Next time you face a CSS problem before you try to solve it on your own with hacks, check if there is a solution for it. You can find a solution in places such as CodePen or GitHub.

Summary

If you are planning to use CSS or you are new to it, these solutions will all work. Simply take the time to understand them and see if they could help to make you use of CSS quite flawless.

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