How Immigration Affects Education in Texas? 25 factshttps://secure.gravatar.com/avatar/?s=96&d=mm&r=g
How Immigration Affects Education in Texas? 25 facts
Alongside California and New York, Texas has one of the highest immigrant populations: a significant percentage of which are of school going age. As expected, this scenario has resulted in both positive and adverse effects for all the parties involved. Below are 25 consequential facts regarding the effect of immigration on education in Texas.
Increased school intakes
Schooling for any child between 3-16 in the US is mandatory. To cater for educational needs of increasing immigrants in line with this policy, institutions have had to elevate their student intake quantities.
Increased student quantities
Consequently, immigrants have considerably spiked the school going population in the state. Most classrooms now have a handful of foreign students, most of which are not native English speakers.
Higher school fees rates
Private institutions and universities charge considerably higher tuition fees for non-natives.
More income for learning institutions
Due to the higher fees foreign students have to part with that are often double, or triple the amount natives have to pay, schools in question make tidy sums.
Development of facilities
Income gained from such students plays a significant role in fanning facility development in institutions of higher learning.
Foreign school staff
With time, educated immigrants who have gotten the hang of things in the state have been absorbed into the education system as staff, and contributed to personnel diversity.
A metropolitan student population
Hardly a surprise, student populations in most schools are a mixed bag of cultures, beliefs, and religions. This interaction with diverse peoples eventually culminates in the stifling of racial profiling.
Development of accommodating educational policies
The state has had to come up with policies that are more accommodative to immigrants such as increased investment in language programs.
Mushrooming of institutions
With the student population burgeoning, it was only a matter of time before schools started expanding and mushrooming to meet the demand and exactly has been the case.
Competition for spots
Smart immigrant students have driven up competition for places in high-ranking schools in Texas which practice equal opportunity admittance.
Sadly, most immigrants use English as a second language which poses language barriers and reduces the overall learning efficiency. Immigrant students have to work extra hard to master English to be at par with other students.
Hardship in fitting in
With a language barrier, most non-native students face the uphill task of fitting in. This leads to student stress in addition to the stress brought about by school work.
The school bully is a classic fixture in most American schools, and immigrant students make excellent victims due to their apparent differences. Most non-native students in the state report being victims of bullying.
Higher rates of school transfer
Foreign students, for the above reason, tend to shift schools within the same region more often compared to natives.
Unsurprisingly, most non-native students go through some form racial profiling at one time or another during schooling.
Where parent-teacher relationships are inevitable, there often is a disconnect. This is brought about by the differences in culture, expectations, disciplinary systems, etc.
Higher public spending on education
To sustain education levels for a growing student population, public expenditure on education has increased significantly.
Reverse brain drain
Foreign students who come to the state on study visas are expected to leave when they finish their education. Most view this as an unwise move where the return on investment opportunity for international students trained in the US is forfeited.
Increased popularity of exchange programs
Student exchange programs have witnessed a surge in popularity and it is thought that interaction with foreigners and sharing of experiences is a significant contributor to this unfolding trend.
Maintenance of high education standards
To attract more international students who have to fork out more tuition, institutions have had to maintain a high level of quality in addition to fostering a healthy reputation.
Sadly, some native students feel that smart immigrant students take jobs that would otherwise have been theirs. Off late, there have been undercurrents of xenophobia in the student and working populations.
Poor academic results
Immigrant students, as they try to fit into the American education system, often undergo a period of mixed, or poor academic results. The effect is a dilution of results for entire institutions which has many in the sector concerned.
Foreign students face stereotyping with most natives viewing them as intellectually inferior. When it happens, as it does in some cases, that the opposite is true, bitterness and rivalry are kindled.
Many schools in the state have been forced to alter curriculums, albeit subtly, to cater to a more diverse student population.
Diluted cultural identity
With many different students mingling in educational institutions, with time, their cultural identities are eroded and diluted. Hence, you find that most American educated persons have similar outlooks despite coming from differing backgrounds.
Though immigration has had both positive and negative impacts on the education sector, cumulatively, the effect has been positive. The country’s goal of attracting foreign talent has been largely successful, and a great deal of this success is down to the positive approach towards international students that states like Texas adopt.